TED | 有压力时如何保持镇静?


人在面临压力时,头脑往往被乌云覆盖,导致思维不够清晰,从而难以作出正确和理性的判断。Daniel Levitin先生这次在TED演讲台上将和大家分享他的一次尴尬经历,一组惊人的数据和一个绝妙的方法来教大家如何做到处乱不惊,临危不惧。










So what I want to talk to you about today are some of the things we can do in the form of a pre-mortem. Some of them are obvious, some of them are not so obvious. I'll start with the obvious ones.



Around the home, designate a place for things that are easily lost. Now, this sounds like common sense, and it is, but there's a lot of science to back this up, based on the way our spatial memory works. There's a structure in the brain called the hippocampus, that evolved over tens of thousands of years, to keep track of the locations of important things -- where the well is, where fish can be found, that stand of fruit trees, where the friendly and enemy tribes live. 



The hippo campus is the part of the brain that in London taxicab drivers becomes enlarged. It's the part of the brain that allows squirrels to find their nuts. And if you're wondering, somebody actually did the experiment where they cut off the olfactory sense of the squirrels, and they could still find the irnuts. They weren't using smell, they were using the hippo campus, this exquisitely evolved mechanism in the brain for finding things. But it's really good for things that don't move around much, not so good for things that move around. 



So this is why we lose car key sand reading glasses and passports. So in the home, designate a spot for your keys -- a hook by the door, maybe a decorative bowl. For your passport, a particular drawer. For your reading glasses, a particular table. If you designate a spot and you're scrupulous about it, your things will always be there when you look for them.

这就是为什么我们会常常找不到车钥匙、老花镜和护照。所以,在家里指定一个地点存放你的钥匙——门上的挂钩,或是一个装饰碗。在一个特定的抽屉存放你的护照。你的老花镜要放在特定的桌子上。 如果你指定了特定的地方,并且一丝不苟地做这些事,当你寻找它们时,这些东西总是会在那里。


What about travel? Take a cell phone picture of your credit cards, your driver's license, your passport, mail it to yourself so it's in the cloud. If these things are lost or stolen, you can facilitate replacement.

关于旅行呢? 用手机拍下你信用卡的照片,还有你的驾照和护照,把这些照片发到你的电子邮箱,储存在数据云端。如果一旦丢失或被盗了,你可以很方便地用电子件代替它们。


Now these are some rather obvious things. Remember, when you're under stress, the brain releases cortisol. Cortisol is toxic, and it causes cloudy thinking. So part of the practice of the pre-mortem is to recognize that under stress you're not going to beat your best, and you should put systems in place.