TED | 如何把你重视的事情做得更好
They go through life deliberately alternating between two zones: the learning zone and the performance zone.
The learning zone is when our goal is to improve. Then we do activities designed for improvement, concentrating on what we haven't mastered yet, which means we have to expect to make mistakes, knowing that we will learn from them. That is very different from what we do when we're in our performance zone, which is when our goal is to do something as best as we can, to execute. Then we concentrate on what we have already mastered and we try to minimize mistakes.
Both of these zones should be part of our lives, but being clear about when we want to be in each of them, with what goal, focus and expectations, helps us better perform and better improve. The performance zone maximizes our immediate performance, while the learning zone maximizes our growth and our future performance.
The reason many of us don't improve much despite our hard work is that we tend to spend almost all of our time in the performance zone. This hinders our growth, and ironically, over the long term, also our performance.
So how can we spend more time in the learning zone? First, we must believe and understand that we can improve, what we call a growth mindset. Second, we must want to improve at that particular skill. There has to be a purpose we care about, because it takes time and effort. Third, we must have an idea about how to improve, what we can do to improve, not how I used to practice the guitar as a teenager, performing songs over and over again, but doing deliberate practice.
那我们如何将更多时间用在学习区上呢？首先， 坚定我们一定会进步的信念，我们叫它“成长思维”。 其次，成长目标必须明确。 时间、精力有限，它们必须花费在我们特定的目标上。 第三，我们必须要知道如何提高， 怎样提高，不能像小时候学吉他， 一遍遍重复单调的歌曲， 而是做一些有意的练习。
And fourth, we must be in a low-stakes situation, because if mistakes are to be expected, then the consequence of making them must not be catastrophic, or even very significant. A tightrope walker doesn't practice new tricks without a net underneath, and an athlete wouldn't set out to first try a new move during a championship match.
第四，保证低风险， 因为犯错在意料之中， 其后果必不能不堪设想， 哪怕是有一点严重都不行。 没有拦网，走钢索的人不会去训练新技巧， 在大赛上，运动员也不会去开发新的动作。